Beginner Guitar Lesson #1 - Guitar-related terms

Welcome to the first lesson of Troglojam's Beginner Guitar Lessons series.

Before we actually begin playing the guitar, let’s talk about some basic terms that we will be using throughout the lessons. 

Look at the guitar.  It is not difficult to identify the three main, distinct parts of it: the head, the neck and the body. 

There are six strings running from the head, along the neck, to the body. 

Now we take a closer look at the three parts. 

There are six tuning heads located on the head. They are where one end of the strings are wrapped. They control the tension of each string.   When tuning the guitar, the pitch of each string is adjusted using these tuning heads. 

The nut is located at the joint between the head and the neck.  It is a small piece of hard material that supports the strings. 

The bridge is a small device located on the body of the guitar.  It is the final destination of the strings on the body.     The bridge supports the string and hold them over the body of the guitar under tension. 

The fingerboard, or fretboard, is usually a separate strip of wood fixed to the front of the neck. 

The frets are the metal wires that are set into the fingerboard, at right angles to the strings.   We often express them by numbers, starting with the fret nearest to the nut as the first fret, and then second fret, third fret and so on. 

On an electric guitar,  there are rotary controls located on the body for adjusting the volume and tone of the guitar sound.  With these knobs all the way up, you get the original, unaltered sound in full volume.  There are also pickups which transform the vibrating energy of the strings into electrical signals.  The pickup selector lets you  switch between the pickups. The output socket is where you connect a guitar cable to the input socket of an amplifier.


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